The name “waterbug” refers to a variety of insects that live in the water. For example, water boatmen and water scorpions are true bugs that live in water. Their legs are used as paddles to move through water. Water striders, pond skaters and water spiders are also water bugs. However, instead of using their legs as paddles, they make use of surface tension to stay afloat. Waterbugs live in ponds and ditches where they suspend below the surface, breathing through two abdominal appendages that act as siphons.

• Waterbugs are capable of inflicting a painful bite with their strong beak, and may also pinch with their front legs
• Waterbugs prey on aquatic insects, small fish, frogs, tadpoles, small birds, and other organisms they are able to capture, injecting powerful enzymes into prey to kill them.
• During mating season, waterbugs fly from pond to pond or pool of water, during which these insects fly to lights in large numbers, and earning their other common name, “electric light bugs.”